Broken Bones (Fractures)

For fractured limbs, take the following precautions until emergency help arrives.

  • Place the injured part in as natural a position as possible without causing discomfort to the patient. If the patient must be moved to a medical facility, protect the injured part from further injury by applying splints long enough to extend well beyond the joints above and below the fracture.
  • Use firm material, such as a board, pole or metal rod, as a splint.
  • Pad the splints with clothing or other soft material o prevent skin injury.
  • Fasten splints with a bandage or cloth at the break and at points along the splint above and below the break.
  • Use a pressure bandage to control any bleeding.

For very serious fractures involving injuries to the body, neck or back, observe the following:

  • Do not move the victim without medical supervision, unless absolutely necessary, and then only if the proper splints have been applied.
  • If a victim with a suspected neck or back injury must be moved, keep the back, head and neck in a straight line, preventing them from being twisted or bent during movement.
  • Use a board or stretcher to support the victim, if available.

Additional information